Philosophy of Science
Surely we must have some ability to override an instinctual response to stimuli, redirect response to stimuli, or neglect response to stimuli. So then how does Behaviorism account for free will. Is free will seen as an illusion as far as Behaviorism is concerned?
I have been reading a bit on Einstein’s special theory of relativity. It seems clear to me from the theory that two observers do not necessarily agree on what events occur simultaneously. However philosophically speaking, I have difficulty understanding how that relates with the concept of now.
Let’s consider that in my reference frame I am holding my phone typing this question. Suppose that in my reference frame there is someone approaching me from a far distance at a speed close to that of light. Then that person would find my future self to be simultaneous with him/herself (let’s say it’s a future self that is asleep because it’s night time).
I do not know how to interpret this. I am not yet in that state. It seems that I will eventually become that future self but that is not what I am yet. Should I interpret this as simply saying that experiments carried out by that person will reveal my future self to be simultaneous with the person BUT NOT to mean that the future self exists yet? In other words should I interpret this as saying that the laws of physics only give you what is simultaneous IN your reference frame but not necessarily what is happening in the moment (in the way that it is the case that I am typing on my phone and not sleeping).
And if I bite that bullet it seems I’m forced to consider that the person I say is approaching me might only be doing that in my reference frame and not in reality (a word whose meaning is no longer be clear to me).
I guess it is related to the question, is there a present state of the universe or is that relative as well? If it is relative how can that be so, when there is a clear difference between who I am now and who I was or would be (states of myself that are only theoretical now since we’re just talking about them theoretically).
So recently after watching so many trippy Nova Science Documentaries on Physics and the Universe I started posting throughout all the science reddit subs.
I learned absolutely incredibly trippy and interesting tidbits that I am forever grateful for.
In regards to Philosophy when I was doing undergraduate studies in the area I remember learning about Zenos Paradoxs, Philosophy of language, Philosophy of mind.
Zenos paradoxes made me much more aware of how I was thinking.
Very similar to Zenos paradoxes Philosophy of language made me realize that the very concepts and language I use can create problems in and of themselves.
Philosophy of mind though really went even further!
We learned how like being pinched although all physical reactions, touch of skin to skin, nerves firing, brain interpreting, etc. Still gives rise to an immaterial reality (feeling). And this brings up questions like how do physical and immaterial things have causality, etc.
It opened up how even now-a-days on things we think we have solved are completely open and how much of our "solved" relies on reductionism and eliminativism.
So with philosophy of science what are tidbits and things you have learned that were huge for you!!!
I'd love to see the magic of philosophy of science really shared here as I imagine like many these moments were transformative and made you really fall in love with the whole discipline :) \
Why is mathematics the blueprint of the Cosmos? Why is mathematics so compatible with the Cosmos? Why is math the best way to explain reality? Why does math help us distinguish objective truth? Even further, is it a coincidence that this mathematical blueprint of the universe is also a universal language for all life within the Cosmos? Lastly, is this mathematical blueprint also the same format used for others Cosmos systems within the multiverse; or in other words, is math (granted different forms of math from what we use here) what one would use to study the laws of physics in other systems?
As I understand it, the philosophy of science intersects with many ideas and schools of thought, including the philosophy of language, American pragmatism, logical positivism, etc. However it is a bit difficult as a non-academic to know where the field is today. What are some big names in the philosophy of science in 2022, and what debates are taking place?